Custom Weaving Capabilities & Specifications
To help serve our customers better, UNIQUE presents the following Wire Cloth references for your use. For questions that are beyond the scope of this material, please contact us for assistance.
Wire Weaving Capabilities
Wire Cloth Terminology
Types of Weaves
Wire Gauges-Decimal Equivalents
Typical Properties of Woven Metals
Woven Wire Cloth Specifications
Compute Mesh
Compute Open Area
Compute Opening
Filter Cloth Specifications
Industry Links
Wire Cloth Terminology
BOLTING CLOTH:  Relatively light wire meshes produced by weaving finer-than-standard wire diameters for any given mesh. Primarily used in sifting and screen printing; however, its relatively high Open Area percentage makes it a desirable wire mesh used for many applications.
MARKET GRADE:  Wire cloth specifications that are commonly woven and stocked.
MESH:  Wire cloth specifications that are commonly woven and stocked.
OFF COUNT:  A Wire Mesh with a greater number of wires per linear inch in one direction - usually warp (vertical). Also called "Rectangular Mesh".
OPEN AREA:  The ratio of the area of the openings to the total area.
OPENING:  The distance between two parallel, adjacent wires usually expressed in decimal inches. The theoretical width of an opening is a direct function of the mesh count and wire diameter, both for which there is a manufacturing tolerance.
PLAIN WEAVE:  Weave pattern where each wire goes alternately under then over each successive wire.
SELVAGE:  The edge or border of wire cloth, finished to prevent unravelling (versus a raw or cut edge.) Types of selvage edges include looped, folded, welded and fine mesh border pattern.
SHUTE WIRES:  Wires running across woven cloth, perpendicular to warp wires. Also called "fill" or "weft" wires.
SQUARE MESH:  A Wire Mesh with identical number of wires per linear inch in both warp (vertical) and shute (horizontal) directions.
TWILL WEAVE:  Weave pattern where each wire goes alternately over two wires then under two successive wires. "Herringbone Twill" is a special type, in which the direction of the twilled weave is reversed at regular intervals to produce a striped effect.
WARP WIRES:  Wires running the vertical length of woven Wire Cloth.
WIRE DIAMETER:  Normally referred to in decimal parts of an inch; a determining factor in a weave's mesh count.
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